Diabetes Hypertension Guidelines: Treatment And Symptoms
Adopting diabetes hypertension guidelines can prevent certain complexities of these disease. Type 1 diabetes is a disease in which the body lacks production of insulin, while type 2 is a condition in which the body is unable to use its own insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps the body utilize food such as starches, sugar and glucose by converting them into a form of energy. Free sugar or glucose molecules floating around can damage body organs.
High blood pressure is a condition often referred to as hypertension. Blood pressure is the result of heart beats that pushes blood throughout our body. The force of blood flow in our arteries is measured as our blood pressure. Uncontrolled or high blood pressure is very dangerous. It can damage body organs, cause a stroke or a heart attack or lead to brain hemorrhage. A normal blood pressure is generally considered to be around 120/80.
People who suffer from diabetes are more likely to suffer from hypertension too. Both these diseases are interlinked. Diabetes hypertension causes include heart disease, obesity and various uncontrollable risk factors which include age, ethnicity and family history. It is very common that people suffering from hypertension, diabetes or both often aren’t aware of their disease since the symptoms may be very common and subtle in nature. Common symptoms include headaches and blurred vision. Mostly in hypertension there are no symptoms that clearly indicate its presence. For this reason, it is sometimes termed as a silent killer. This is one of the reasons why hypertension in diabetes symptoms is often undiagnosed.
Indications of extremely high blood pressure include headache, vision problems, abdominal or chest pain, shortness of breath, dizziness and nausea. Since many of the symptoms of diabetes are harmless, they remain undiagnosed too. These include frequent urination, feeling of thirst, extreme hunger, unusual weight loss, increased fatigue, Irritability and blurry vision.
If you start diabetes and hypertension treatment, it can decrease the risks of various complications such as kidney disease which can develop due to high blood sugar and blood pressure. However, it’s not mandatory that everyone with diabetes develops a kidney disease. Proper checkup of blood pressure and blood glucose, almost every day, can help prevent many other problems associated with this disease which can include eye disease, nerve damage, heart stroke etc. Both diabetes and hypertension, alone or in combination, cause increased left ventricular mass and wall thickness, left ventricular diastolic dysfunction and increased vascular stiffness.
The coexistence of diabetes and hypertension increases the risk of cardiovascular mortality. Diabetes and hypertension treatment should contain life style modifications along with hypertensive medications. For instance exercise not only improves body fitness but also fat composition and its distribution. This helps reduce blood pressure and also improves diabetics risk factors. A balanced diet with low fat, cholesterol and sodium content and one which is rich in vegetables, fruit, and nonfat dairy products also results in the avoidance of risk factors associated with this disease. Smoking should be avoided as nicotine raises blood pressure. One should not take more than a moderate level of alcohol; proper management of stress is necessary as stress raises blood pressure and triggers hypertension. Along with doctors prescribed medication you should also adopt these diabetes hypertension guidelines.
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